Virginia Hay Report
Richmond, VA    Thu Apr 18, 2019   USDA-VA Dept of Ag Market News 
Virginia Hay Report                  
Rushville Semimonthly Hay Auction, Harrisonburg, VA on Wed Apr 17, 2019
Prices per ton FOB unless otherwise noted.              
Most loads delivered free within 10 miles of auction site.

Delivery beyond 10 miles mostly 2.50 per mile.

20 tons

   Small square
      Good                     5.30 per bale
Mixed grass             
   Large square
      Good                     62.00 per bale
   Small square
      Good                     3.00 per bale
      Fair                     1.75 per bale

   Large round
      Good                     35.00-65.00 per bale

  Small round
      Good                     36.00 per bale wet wrapped
   Large round
      Good                     142.00 per bale
   Small square                3.50 per bale
The following can be used to estimate bale weights:
                Alfalfa          Other (Orchardgrass, Timothy, Mixed) 
Small Square    45-55 lbs        35-45 lbs 
Large Square    750-850 lbs      650-750 lbs 
Small Round     under 1000 lbs   under 1000 lbs 
Large Round     over 1000 lbs    over 1000 lbs
Official USDA hay standards/grades do not exist. The following hay 
quality designations and guidelines are used to describe and report 
Alfalfa Guidelines                     
For domestic livestock use and not more than 10% grass                     
Quality   ADF      NDF      RFV        TDN-100%   TDN-90%      CP                     
Supreme   <27      <34      >185       >62        >55.9        >22                     
Premium    27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62    54.5-55.9    20-22                     
Good       29-32    36-40    150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5    18-20                     
Fair       32-35    40-44    130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5    16-18                     
Utility   >35      >44      <130       <56        <50.5        <16                     
RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula. TDN calculated using the 
western formula. Quantitative factors approximate and many factors can 
affect feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing 
both 100% and 90%). Guidelines used with visual appearance and intent 
of sale.                     
ADF  Acid Detergent Fiber                     
CP   Crude Protein                     
NDF  Neutral Detergent Fiber                     
RFV  Relative Feed Value                     
TDN  Total Digestible Nutrients                     
Grass Guidelines                     
Quality     Crude Protein Percent                     
Premium     >13                     
Good         9-13                     
Fair         5-9                     
Utility     <5                     
Quantitative factors approximate and many factors affect feeding                     
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence                     
hay price or value more than testing results.                     
Source:  Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services                     
         USDA-VA Market News, Richmond, VA   804.786.3947                                                                
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